Xanthos (Lycian language: Arnnie) near the ancient city of Fethiye. Fethiye - Kas highway 60 km. There is a sin. He has made the capital of Lycia in ancient times. The oldest remains uncovered in the city goes back to the 8th century BC.
Many historical city until today to reach the scene of the events and battles between rock tombs, ruins, tombs and erecting tombs are peculiar to Lycian culture. Lycian acropolis are among the early works.
Many times restored theaters and churches built between the early Christian era artifacts can be seen. In the 1840s excavations in the ancient city that British fellows, "Nereid Monument" and many opuses to British Museum has.
City, BC Persian commander in 545-546 years, besieged by Harpagus. Xanthoslular, despite their heroic resistance against the desperate situation they fall put, women and children killed by a fire in a city devastated Harpagos to leave and unmanned. BC 475-450 from the Xanthos, this time faced with a fire disaster.
BC Alexander the Great in 334 BC took the city. After Alexander's death, Xanthos, BC From 309 Ptolemaic dynasty of Egypt, then Syria, as in many Lycian King III. Antiochus was forced to accept the rule.
BC. 2nd century Xanthos, the capital of the Lycian Union, BC, this time in 42 years, was destroyed by the Romans in Brutus, but after IMP. Marcus Antonius has seen its reconstruction efforts. AD Xanthos under the Roman Empire in the I.yy.. Insert name of Vespasian built, most of the Roman structures remain today were built during this period.
Xanthos episcopal center during the Byzantine rule, which has gained a lot of new construction in this period. 7.y.y. After the Arab invasion caused the city to lose its importance in ve1938 Charles Fellows here have discovered some remains survive in a small village identity with Kınık next to him to move to London.
Xanthos both acropolis is surrounded by walls of different knitting systems can be seen. Lycian acropolis is located north of the Roman theater. The most interesting ruins of Xanthos, is located west of the theater. The first high rectangular solid base with his family on the woman dead body, winged creatures and birds that are believed to carry the souls of the dead to the sky "Harpy" has reliefs.
Today, the original relief, exhibited at the British Museum Harpy Monument, BC 5. century is dated. In addition, another pedestal of the 4th century, this tomb is located Lycian sarcophagi. The theater's square-shaped wide area surrounded by shops in the end 3 as is the Roman agora.
In the northeast corner of the agora, the Harpy Monument to very similar written in the monolithic rectangular body language Lycian and Greek inscriptions in BC ö.y.y.ait mausoleum rises. Inscription on the monument's body was found until today is the longest inscription in the Lycian language, called Xanthosl Kherei describes the prince's adventures.
Roman acropolis in many tombs and graves can be seen side by side pedestal. Located in the southern outskirts of the area, Lion tomb, all but the base of the Payav and mereh sarcophagi are exhibited in the British Museum. Today the only remains of the ramp to the right edge of the foundations remained BC 4th century temple belonging planned Nereid monument exhibited in the British Museum is one of the famous monuments of Xanthos.
Xanthos ruin because of their importance and originality of the obtained findings in the excavations of the Lycian civilization has been included in the UNESCO World Heritage list.
Around Xanthos, Xanthos-Letoon, quinine, Castle, are Eşen.